The resurrection of the Jesus friend Lazarus, celebrated in the Eastern Church on the Saturday before
Palm Sunday, represents a solemn prelude to the Passion and Resurrection of Christ. It cannot be
ruled out that the memory of Lazarus Saturday goes back to the time of the early church. Since the end of the 4th and beginning of the 5th century there was also a church called "Lazarion" in addition to the grave cave in Bethany. As a "testimony cave", however, the former remained the destination of numerous pilgrims. Icon painting has received an image scheme over the centuries, as described in the following song in close connection with John 11, 1-45: “You pity the tears of Martha and Mary and commanded that the stone should be rolled from the grave, Christ God who raised him by calling
the dead. So you, the life giver of the world, have pledged your resurrection. Glory be to your strength, Redeemer, glory to him who holds the universe together through his word."
The miracle of the resurrection of Lazarus, who had already been lying in the grave for three days, was already understood in the old church as a foresight of the resurrection of Christ, as an announcement of the end-time resurrection of the dead and, last but not least, as an allusion to the new human being in baptism and celebrated liturgically. The icon shows Lazarus standing upright in
front of Jesus and his disciples. The sisters of the deceased, Saint Mary and Saint Martha, lament at the feet of Jesus.
Russian icon | The Raising of Lazarus | 24739
Original antique Russian orthodox iconCertificate of authenticity from an independent expert at the Vienna Dorotheum
30 x 25.5 cm (11.8 x 10.0 in)
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